Causes & Treatment of Dark Spots
Common Causes of Dark Spots
If you or someone you know has been unfortunate to suffer from dark spots on the face, then you are already well aware
how embarrassing this condition can be. Dark spots are caused by over-secretion of melanin, the hormone that causes
skin pigmentation. This can happen due to a variety of causes including pregnancy, menopause, hormone imbalances,
drugs, stress and deficiencies in any number of vitamins and minerals.
There are many remedies for dark spots, which range from natural
to the chemical solutions. Companies invest millions into research
in this area and have made available many dark spot removal
products, which are available in major retail chains and online
retailers. There are also a wide range of home remedies, which
have proven effective for removing these blemishes. These are
sometimes cheaper and have fewer side effects. What's more, they
are often just as effective.
Of course before embarking on any course of dark spot removal,
it's important to consult your doctor, who will better be able to guide
you on the best course of action to take. Some chemical or
pharmaceutical products may have an adverse reaction and this is
something you'll have to be careful about. Others may interfere with
existing medication you may be taking so you'll want to be aware of
that possibility too.
Finally, remember to determine the cause of your dark spots before
embarking on a course of treatment. Dark spots caused by the sun and its deleterious effects on the skin will need to be
treated differently than dark spots that are caused by acne. Similarly, dark spots caused by aging and "liver spots" may
have their own causes, which may need to be addressed by a skin treatment clinic.
Understanding Dark Spots
Most studies suggest that dark spots are caused by an excessive amount of melanin, which clusters at the surface
causing dark spots. The problem typically lies with melanocytes, which is where melanin is produced. These
melanocytes can be damaged by:
Exposure to UV rays (i.e. the sun)
Hormonal fluctuations caused by puberty, pregnancy and menopause
Taking medication considered photo sensitizing.
In all three instances the disruption of the production of melanin is intensified by the sun, which
causes more damage via free-radicals. Free-radical damage is the cause of many types of
cancer; particularly skin cancer. That's why dark spots are not just a beauty problem, they are a
health problem and should be taken very seriously.
Still, just because there are potentially serious causes of dark spots, does not mean that all
cases are such. There are many environmental factors that cause dark spots. Our facial muscles are constantly made to
work, putting stress on our skin in that area. Add to that the stress of our busy everyday lives (such as diet, smoking,
stress) and environmental factors (such as sun exposure and air pollution) and it's any wonder that more of us don't
suffer from dark spots.
That's why, when trying to fix dark spots, you should look at all of the underlying causes and come up with a complete
solution. This can involve many steps, which will require dietary and lifestyle changes as well as the use of various
products that alleviate the symptoms of dark spots.